iTaskSystem Smart HealthCare
Among valuable concepts worth considering in relation to an M2M-based personalized healthcare system are flexible operation, integration, interoperability and interference, use of existing infrastructure, functionality, cost and government
mandates. The integration of mobile-based M2M networks in healthcare
applications will improve the quality and efficiency of treatment in various ways.
The system presented based M2M will be used in the general hospital, office and home environments while patients move within these facilities. In addition, when patients move outside facilities, mobile services, provided by a mobile network or the internet, kick in to support health monitoring. Various potential applications for patient monitoring, and benefits, such as measurement quality improvement, error reduction, record accuracy, cost reduction and location accuracy will be significantly improved by these technologies.
The goal of iTaskSystems Smart Healthcareapplication is to provide a bridge between the patient and the medical personnel. We aim toprovide an end-to-end solution for the remote monitoring patient different parameters. The data are continuously gathered through an automatic processing system and are accessed by theresponsible medical personnel. A typical client/server architecture is adopted, where the client side is a residential gateway located at the patient’s home, able to collect data from the biomedical sensors through wireless Bluetooth links. The most significant measured signals are ECG, SpO2, weight, blood pressure, chest impedance, respiration and body posture. The measured data are sent through the gateway to a server located at the health service facilities that is integrated with the Hospital Information System. The gateway communicates with the server through ADSL as the primary transmission channel, or mobile broadband (i.e., GSM/GPRS/UMTS) as the secondary (backup) data channel. Alarms are sent by Short Message Service (SMS) directly to the physicians, the patients’ relatives and their caregivers. The system measures health parameters dynamically. For wireless transmission, these sensors are connected to an M2M node either through the internet or through an external IPv4/IPv6-enabled network. This solution aims to both patients and medical personnel, as a reliable, user-friendly means of remote control and management of acute conditions.We aim to design of successful end-to-end smart healthcare applications:
- Miniaturization and enhanced wearability of the sensor devices, to provide unobstructive monitoring that will not interfere with normal life activities of the patients,
- Reliable two-way communication protocols, that guarantee the prompt and successful delivery of data from the medical sensors to the medical personnel, as well as the reception of medical feedback at the patient,
- Accurate detection of emergency situations to ensure timely medical intervention in life threatening events.In addition, it is important to maintain a low probability of false positive alarms, to avoid unnecessary hospitalizations and interventions,
- Advanced security mechanisms to guarantee confidentiality and privacy of the medical data, and
- User friendly and easy to learn application interfaces, to ensure the successful adoption of the healthcare solutions, given that patients are often elderly people not familiar with the use of technology. Furthermore, the visualization of the monitored data must be done in a clear and helpful way for both the patient and the healthcare providers.
Communication between an Ambulance and Hospital
The in-vehicle emergency call system can save lives by automatically or manually sending the accurate location and driver information to an emergency center. In this use case, an in-vehicle M2M communication module enables the transfer of emergency call data between the vehicle and an emergency service.
In this use case, a vehicle has a built-in M2M communication module, which is connected to sensors that can identify an occurring accident. In case of an accident the module automatically sets up a connection to an emergency center and sends information about the location, an indication about the level of the accident and maybe other additional information that might be available and evaluated as useful. (These services may be implemented via applications residing inside the M2M module). A key criterion for this use case is that the M2M module and its interfaces are able to survive and operate after a shock caused by an accident. Additionally, the automotive industry has indicated that the size of the M2M module and the ability of the module to communicate whilst in a normal automotive environment, over the expected vehicle lifetime, are important.